Core Rotations

Our core rotations represent the strengths of the hospital services where clinical pharmacy specialists have been incorporated into the multidisciplinary teams. The broad reach of our pharmacy department will allow for ample learning opportunities with the goal of identifying or reinforcing areas of interest and future direction for our residents.

Additionally, our philosophy is to tailor the learning experiences to the learner, which includes

  • Flexible scheduling of core rotations
  • Multiple elective opportunities
  • Mandatory creation of at least one elective rotation by the resident, to truly make the learning experience their own.

Ambulatory Care- Longitudinal

This longitudinal rotation is a broad ambulatory care which provides medication therapy management (MTM) services, management of chronic disease and care transitions within an inter-professional healthcare environment. Catholic Health Systems seeks to meet quality measures while reducing the total cost of care for our patient population and this pharmacy service addresses all aspects of the Triple/Quadruple Aim. Additionally, these services will align with Catholic Health Systems values; reverence, compassion, justice and excellence. The pharmacist-led ambulatory care service within the Catholic Health System serves as an outpatient practice which focuses on medication safety and efficacy/outcomes, as well as cost management as they relate to transitions of care and disease management.

Residents will develop necessary knowledge and skills to provide quality, direct patient care, through pharmacist-led relationships and within a collaborative practice agreement within an adult medicine clinic. Residents will assess needs for patient education, lifestyle modification reinforcement, appropriate device use and technique, insulin titration or instruction and adherence with drug therapy plans. They will gain experience as a resource to clinicians by providing drug information, monitoring drug therapy, assessing adherence, considering cost comparisons, and making recommendations for to achieve optimal patient outcomes. Common

Psychiatry

This behavioral health rotation is a 6 week rotation designed to introduce the resident to intensive case management regarding patients with psychiatric illness. The resident will review charts of patients admitted to Clearview (substance abuse residential rehabilitation treatment program), with concurrent psychiatric illnesses. The resident will conduct initial evaluations, development of psychotropic interventions, and subsequent monitoring plans. Additionally, residents will work with the preceptor to manage psychiatric disease states and primary care disease states. The resident will convey recommendations with the treatment team (psychiatrists, nurses, counselors, etc.), and serve as a vital role with medication reconciliation, drug information service, and medication management consultation. Topic discussions with the preceptor will be held throughout the rotation. All patient care activities should be documented and signed in the medical record within 24 hours of the activity.

Behavioral Health I, Substance Abuse

The substance use disorders rotation is a 6 week rotation designed to actively involve the resident in providing care to patients in the Clearview substance abuse residential rehabilitation treatment program. The resident will meet with patients during their admission process and conduct thorough pharmacotherapy reviews and recommendations at admission. The resident will then follow-up with patients as needed during their time in the 28 day program, and meet with each patient prior to discharge to conduct discharge medication education and appropriate counseling. Additionally, residents will work with the preceptor to manage psychiatric/substance use disorder disease states and primary care disease states. Residents will lead the bi-weekly education groups on the floor and document the group activities appropriately. One formal medication-related in service will be presented to the substance abuse treatment team (i.e. nurses, providers, counselors etc.) during the rotation. Topic discussions with the preceptor will be held throughout the rotation. All patient care activities should be documented and signed in the medical record within 24 hours of the activity.

Critical Care

Critical Care Unit Pharmacy Services is a required, six week learning experience at Mt. St. Mary’s Hospital (MSMH). This critical care rotation will include both the ICU and Emergency Department. The ICU is a 10+ bed unit that cares for a mix of medical/respiratory and neurologically critically ill patients. Patients on these units are cared for by intensivists, hospitalists, and consultants. The clinical pharmacist in this area provides comprehensive medication management for all critically ill patients. Clinical pharmacy service including antibiotic stewardship, renal and hepatic dosing, aminoglycoside and vancomycin pharmacokinetic consultation, and ADR documentation. The critical care pharmacists also participate in rounding on these units. This rotation will serve as an introduction of the resident to providing care for the critically ill patient. The pharmacy resident will spend at minimum two weeks in the ICU and two weeks in the ER. The pharmacy resident is responsible for identifying and resolving medication therapy issues for critically ill patients and will work toward assuming the clinical pharmacist role in the care of the majority patients on the unit. The resident will provide clinical pharmacy services and participate in interdisciplinary rounds. Good communication and interpersonal skills are vital to success in this experience.

Emergency Medicine

Emergency Medicine is a required, 4 week learning experience within the Mount St. Mary's Emergency Department (ED). The ED contains 16 beds and provides initial triage, assessment, and treatment for a variety of acute and chronic conditions by a multidisciplinary team. The clinical pharmacist in this area makes recommendations regarding appropriate antimicrobial therapy at time of care as well as through culture follow-up. Additional responsibilities include responding to ACLS codes, rapid responses, and code strokes throughout the hospital. Communication with patients, providers, and nurses in this fast paced environment is key. The pharmacy resident is responsible for answering drug information questions, identifying and resolving medication therapy issues relating to initial therapy, and assisting in transitions of care.

Hepatitis C- Longitudinal

This rotation is designed to provide a focused ambulatory care experience by concentrating on the medication management as related to the treatment of hepatitis C. Throughout the rotation the resident will learn how to identify patients that are positive for hepatitis C based on chart review and associated risk factors, understand different patient specific treatment strategies, and collaboratively work with providers to develop treatment plans. Furthermore, the resident will act as a drug information resource for providers in the hepatitis C clinic. The resident may be asked to provide education for care team members.

Infectious Diseases/Antimicrobial Stewardship

The Infectious Diseases rotation is a 6 week learning experience in the Mt. St. Mary’s PGY-1 Pharmacy Residency Program. The goal is to provide inpatient pharmacy services to patients acutely being treated for infectious processes. Members of the infectious diseases team include physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners. The pharmacy resident is responsible for ensuring safe and effective antimicrobial use for all patients admitted to the team, including active participation in daily rounds, education of patients and their family members, and discussion with the ID physician as needed. The pharmacy resident is responsible for identifying and resolving medication therapy issues for patients and will work toward assuming care of all patients on the team throughout the learning experience. The pharmacy resident will also identify antibiotic streamlining opportunities in patients outside the ID team service. They will make recommendations and collect data as part of the hospital’s Antimicrobial Stewardship Program. Good communication with team members and strong interpersonal skills are vital to success in this experience.

Internal Medicine #1

Internal Medicine – 6th floor Clinical Pharmacy Services is a required, five week learning experience at Mt. St. Mary’s Hospital. There are 25 general medicine beds on the 6th floor. Patients on this floor are cared for by several different hospitalist groups, independent hospitalists, specialists, consultants and their mid-level providers. Non-physician members of the healthcare team also closely interact with each other to optimize care for the patients on the 6th floor including nurses, respiratory therapists, case managers, clinical dieticians, and physical therapists. Mt. St. Mary’s Hospital clinical pharmacy services are provided as location-based service where clinical pharmacists are assigned a particular unit to provide safe and effective medication use for all patients on that unit. Services provided by each pharmacist include antibiotic stewardship, IV to PO conversions, renal dosing, aminoglycoside and vancomycin pharmacokinetic consultation, core measures support, ADR documentation, anticoagulation counseling, and medication reconciliation. The clinical pharmacist on the 6th floor also actively participates in interdisciplinary round; collaborates with centralized pharmacists to assure timely medication availability; educates patients and their family members; and, supports organizational policies and procedures. This rotation will serve as an extension of the resident’s orientation to pharmacy staffing and their weekend service commitment. The pharmacy resident is responsible for identifying and resolving medication therapy issues for 6th floor patients and will work toward assuming the clinical pharmacist role in the care of all patients on the unit throughout the learning experience. The resident will provide clinical pharmacy services and participate in interdisciplinary rounds. The resident will also establish collaborative relationships with other healthcare professionals by shadowing at least two members of another discipline. Good communication and interpersonal skills are vital to success in this experience.

Internal Medicine #2

The pharmacy resident is responsible for ensuring safe and effective medication use for all patients admitted to the team, including active participation on rounds daily. The pharmacy resident is also responsible for collaboration with decentralized pharmacists to appropriate medication management; and collaboration with clinical floor pharmacists to assure education of patients and their family members, and education of physicians. The pharmacy resident will work toward assuming care of all patients on the team throughout the learning experience. Routine responsibilities include: reconciling medications for all patients admitted to the team, addressing medication therapy concerns, assisting in discharge medication reconciliation and providing drug information and education to healthcare professionals as well and patients and caregivers. The pharmacy resident will also attend and participate in discussions during the morning reports and noon conferences held daily. Good communication and interpersonal skills are vital to success in this experience.

Pharmacy Operations and Dispensing Services – Longitudinal

This longitudinal rotation will cover the dispensing and distributive operations of Mount St. Mary’s Hospital. Within this rotation an initial 5 week period will be incorporated to give residents a chance to orient to the physical layout of the department and hospital, read and understand Catholic Health, Mount St. Mary’s, and pharmacy department specific policies and procedures, as well as software programs pertinent to pharmacy operations. Staffing requirements include an average of 1 shift per week and coverage of major holidays (max of 3 holiday shifts per resident) as needed by the department.

Pharmacy Research Project – Longitudinal

The resident will be required to complete a longitudinal pharmacy research project. This research project may be of a clinical, economic, research, administrative, or quality/process improvement design. A list of possible projects will be provided to the resident at the beginning of the residency year. Additionally, the resident may elect to conduct an unlisted project, only with the approval of the research committee and residency advisory committee. The resident will work with their assigned preceptor(s) to create a study design proposal which will be presented to the CH IRB, conduct a literature search, conduct the actual study, interpret the study data, and present the results. The resident will work on their research project longitudinally during the residency year with extra time devoted to research in December.

Practice Management – Longitudinal

This longitudinal experience is designed to give residents a chance to develop their professionalism and to learn about and participate in important pharmacy-related functions of the health system that are not necessarily associated with direct patient care. The resident will demonstrate knowledge and application skills in the pharmacy services that are critical to safe, effective, and cost-conscious medication use in a hospital and ambulatory care pharmacy departments, including (1) practice management; (2) medication-use policy development; (3) optimizing medication therapy; (4) drug product procurement and inventory management; (5) monitoring medication use; and (6) evaluating the effectiveness of the medication-use system.

Teaching and Learning – Longitudinal

Preparing the resident for a future career involving academia or precepting student pharmacists on experiential rotations is a vital skill to be an advanced practitioner. Being involved in different types of teaching and learning experiences also allows the resident to grow as a professional. Educational opportunities exist in multiple settings throughout the residency year, including small group teaching (in-services, drug info, topic discussions), mentoring APPE pharmacy students, and grand rounds. Additionally, the resident may be called upon to develop educational programs for medical/pharmacy staff.

Elective Rotations

Elective rotations are an area that allows for customization of our program to fit the interests of the residents. While we have several elective rotations that have been developed based on strengths of our institution, one of the requirements for this program is for the resident to create their own elective. Creation of an elective provides ownership for the resident in their experiences as well as develops a skill set and understanding of the regulations set forth by our accrediting organization, ASHP. Some examples of created electives include:

  • Cardiology
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Antimicrobial Stewardship